Friday, May 6, 2022

Latest Posts

What is a podcast and how does it work

What should you keep in mind before starting podcast, what is a podcast and how does it work.

Make a general outline of the podcast. 

Sample structure what is a podcast, and how does it work?

  • Introduce yourself, briefly introduce yourself and the podcast.
  • Discuss the main topics.
  • Answer questions from the audience.
  • Add unsuccessful takes, other interesting recording moments, to the podcast.
  • Announce the next issue.

 What is a podcast and how does it work

Check out his other interviews. This will help you to find out his rate of speech, the length of the answers to questions, the general behavior in front of the microphone. This will calculate the number of questions you need.

When recording a talk show, it is enough to prepare abstracts for discussion and distribute roles among the guests. Try to develop conflict and maintain intrigue – for this, do not agree with other speakers, but find new controversial and ambiguous points. Story or diary recording will ensure 80% of your success.

Remember that if the first episode is not catchy, then the audience is unlikely to return to you. Your task is to keep the momentum. Every minute a new idea, emotion, or story should appear on the podcast work.

At the same time, it is not necessary to strictly follow the plan. For example, Alex Bloomberg, a well-known American entrepreneur, and journalist advises not to be afraid to violate the script. If during the recording you or your guest remembered an interesting story, tell us about it.

CHOOSING A PODCAST MICROPHONE AND MORE

To record a podcast, you need a microphone, sound card, and additional equipment.

Understand what is a podcast and how does it work. Do not rush to immediately buy an expensive microphone and upholster the room with acoustic foam rubber. If desired, the first podcast can be easily recorded on a regular 100-ruble lapel button or an existing smartphone. Then buying a quality microphone will definitely delight your listeners.

Microphones are divided into dynamic and condenser.

The dynamic microphone 

is the right choice for aspiring podcasters: it is durable and low-sensitivity, so it delivers the best sound in rooms with noise and echoes.

The podcast condenser microphone how does it work

is more sensitive, allowing you to record a wider range of audio in better quality. However, it is picky about the conditions of use and storage. It needs additional power. A condenser microphone easily picks up echoes and noise, which degrades recording quality. If you do not have a perfectly quiet room, these devices will not work for you.

TOP 5 MICROPHONES FOR RECORDING PODCASTS:

AUDIO-TECHNICA ATR2100X-USB (USB + XLR)

Dynamic microphone with threaded grip. Allows you to highlight the main signal and cut off extraneous noise.

The cost was 7 700 rubles.

AUDIO-TECHNICA AT2020 (XLR)

Condenser microphone with decent sound and appearance.

Cost – from 7 790 rubles.

SAMSON Q2U (USB + XLR)

Dynamic microphone with stand included.

Cost – from 8 300 rubles.

RODE PROCASTER (XLR)

Rugged dynamic microphone with pop filter and multi-layered protective mesh. A built-in bracket is provided.

Cost – from 17,000 rubles.

SHURE SM58S (XLR)

Professional dynamic microphone with clear sound and accurate voice reproduction

The cost is from 10 800 rubles.

XLR OR USB?

Next to the name of the microphone is the method of connecting it to a PC – USB or XLR.

  • The USB microphone connects directly to the PC without additional devices.
  • An XLR microphone cannot be connected directly to a PC – you need a sound card with an XLR connector that can convert the audio signal.

The following sound cards are suitable:

Audient Evo 4:

 has a convenient audio interface, supports recording up to 2 microphones simultaneously, from 9 340 ₽.

Audient Evo 8:

compact, supports recording up to 4 microphones simultaneously, from 16,990 rubles;

Steinberg UR44:

Made in a rugged all-metal case, supports recording up to 4 microphones simultaneously, from 26,000 rubles.

The main advantage of XLR connection:

In this article we are showing, What is a podcast and how does it work.

  • high sound quality,
  • the ability to connect a long cable without loss of quality (up to 20 meters),
  • suitable for multiple microphones (important for podcast interviews).

If multiple people are participating in the podcast, it is advisable to have a separate microphone for each of them. This will facilitate further noise removal, normalization of the loudness level of each speaker.

Another option is to buy two lavalier microphones. One connects to your phone, the second to the invitee’s phone. Zoom is suitable for remote interviews. If the guest has an iPhone, it is worth recording directly to him via Zoom or a tablet.

For good iPhone recording quality for podcast work:

  • Use the Voice Recorder application by selecting “Sound Quality – Lossless” in its settings.
  • Put a sock on your smartphone to avoid explosive consonants.
  • Keep your iPhone 5 cm from your mouth while recording. If you have a tripod (tripod) – put your phone on it.

If the guest has an Android smartphone, make a test recording to check the quality.

We have no prejudices about Android, but there are smartphones running this OS for both 2,000 rubles and 200,000 rubles. Accordingly, the quality of microphones cannot be the same and as predictable as that of the iPhone.

OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT

In addition to a microphone, for professional and comfortable recording, you cannot do without:

Stands (stand) for the microphone.

Thanks to it, you will avoid rustling and rustling – such sounds occur if you hold the microphone in your hands during a conversation. It’s also technically difficult, especially with long podcasts;

Windscreens.

The foam pad prevents “shooting” sounds on the recording when the speaker says “p,” “t,” “b.” If the podcast is being recorded outdoors, the overlay will reduce wind noise;

Wires.

 XLR cables are suitable for connecting a microphone to a mixer or portable studio. They provide signal transmission without distortion.

CHOOSING A PLACE TO RECORD A PODCAST

The recording space is a very important point that affects the final quality of the podcast:

At home.

Suitable for beginner podcasters. The absence of noise and echo is important. Do not record a podcast in a spacious, half-empty room or room with tiled walls;

The territory of the guest,

 if it is an interview or conversation with several people;

Photo studio.

Rent a small photo studio for 1-2 hours;

Sound recording studio.

What is a podcast and how does it work. The sound engineer will record the conversation and give the file. If you’re recording a podcast at home, soundproof your room. Noise insulation panels, basalt slabs are sold on the market. The noise level indicator that drowns out the material must be at least 50 db.

  1. Close windows and doors for podcast work.
  2. Place as many things as possible in the room (carpets, clothes, closets) — this way, there will be a minimum of echo in the room. Try recording a podcast in front of an open cabinet (yes): things will prevent the sound from bouncing ;
  3. Food intake should be 1-2 hours before the appointment. Before recording, you should not drink alcohol and eat sweets — this worsens your voice, promotes increased salivation (your clattering will be difficult to remove during editing);
  4. Before recording, read the text to yourself several times, especially if the audio will last 25-30 minutes. Rehearsal will reduce mistakes and save time. Just before recording, say a few tongue twisters aloud;
  5. Record 1 minute of silence and start talking — while processing, this will allow you to capture the noise and remove it;
  6. Put on headphones — this is how you check the sound level, the presence of extraneous noise.
  7. Record a podcast in the morning or at lunchtime because your voice sits down in the evening due to fatigue;
  8. Record while standing: this position ensures the correct functioning of the diaphragm and deep breathing.
  9. Be sincere: listeners easily pick up on disinterest. Use different intonation media. Speak clearly and clearly.

Stay at the same microphone distance during the podcast. Side-to-side rocking, head waving, and active gestures will complicate post-processing.

We process and assemble for podcast work

Any recording needs to be edited for podcast work, even if it seems to you that you have got a smooth speech, without hesitation and errors. Sometimes it makes sense to swap parts of the podcast.

There are 5 popular programs for processing and editing audio recordings:

  1. GarageBand. The program is free for iOS, suitable for beginners. There are many tools for mastering — for example, adjusting the sound fidelity. However, the program is designed for creating music, so it is not very convenient to edit speech in it;
  2. Audacity. The program is free for Windows and iOS. It features a simple but somewhat outdated interface, does not require special knowledge and skills. There are built-in plugins — for example, for noise suppression;
  3. Adobe Audition. Provided by subscription — from 1622 ₽ per month. OS — Windows, Mac OS X. The program has many tools for audio processing. The interface is intuitive, with notes and markers;
  4. Vegas (Sony Vegas). Paid professional software for recording, editing, and editing audio, video. Designed for Windows. Cost — from 1429 ₽ per month;
  5. Reaper. The program is designed for Windows and Mac. There are many plugins, the ability to customize hotkeys. The interface is somewhat overloaded with options and settings. License cost — $60, paid once;
  6. Ableton Live. Designed for Windows, Mac. The program was created for writing music, but it provides convenient work with speech—cost — from $ Benefit — long trial version of 3 months.

All of these programs work on the same principle. A sound wave diagram is shown in the work area. To delete a certain fragment, select it on the diagram with the mouse and click on Delete. Connect tracks, remove unnecessary moments, add music and sounds.

If 2 or more people participate in the podcast, then remember the following rule: one voice should sound at a time. If someone laughs or interrupts, then you need to leave all the tracks.

There are 2 approaches to editing a recording:

  1. Leave the record without any special edits and corrections. In this case, it is enough to cut out too-long pauses and unnecessary phrases. This will save you time but risk losing the audience’s interest – if, for example, your speech contains a lot of slips of the tongue and parasitic words;
  2. Cut out all caveats and mistakes. You will have to remove all pauses, repetitions, parasitic words, and other speech patterns. The advantage is the perfect post that will appeal to both you and your users. There are also disadvantages: it takes a lot of time, and in the absence of experience, gluing will be felt. If you overdo it and remove many intonations, speech turns, then your speech will become expressionless.

With continued practice, later on, you can easily begin to determine what should be left in the record and what should be removed.

If the podcast is long, we recommend making time codes and chapters. Thanks to this, users will familiarize themselves with the content of the issue before listening, they will be able to move on to segments that are interesting for themselves.

Finding Music for Podcast Work and sounds

Add sound effects, background music. However, music is often copyrighted. If it is violated, then corporate lawyers will demand deductions from you.

There are the following types of licenses:

  1. Public domain: such music can be used for any purpose or podcast work with an indication of the type of license.
  2. Copyright-free: by paying for such a track, you will get rid of problems with licenses and copyright. You can freely embed this kind of music into podcasts and distribute them. But there are restrictions: you cannot transfer the track to third parties, sell it, make remixes of songs based on it. The author of a track with a copyright-free license earns from subscription fees, from its purchase on audio libraries, from donations;
  3. Royalty-free: when you buy a work, you can use it without further deductions or royalties. The track can be either paid or free – at the discretion of the author. This category includes music protected by free licenses. The most common classification system is Creative Commons, which consists of several licenses. So, BY means that you can use the track in any way, but with attribution. With a BY-ND license, you can add a track to podcasts, however, unchanged and with attribution;
  4. Music Standard License: use the file in a free or commercial project. But the number of podcast downloads must not exceed 10,000. So, music with such a license cannot be used for broadcasting in the media.
  5. Music Broadcast: track in medium-sized regional media with an audience of up to 1 million people (the number of downloads is up to 10,000);
  6. Music Mass Reproduction: audience — up to 1 million people, podcast download — unlimited.
  7. And the last — Music Broadcast: audience — up to 10 million people, podcast downloads — unlimited.

It is difficult to understand all this diversity. What is a podcast and how does it work. However, stock music services publish the types of licenses for each track, as well as their detailed description and possibilities of use.

Latest Posts

Don't Miss

Stay in touch

To be updated with all the latest news, offers and special announcements.